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2012年武汉大学自考专业“英美文学选读”名词解释(4)

日期: 2012-07-22|已阅读: |来源:www.zikao51.com|作者:自考51|打印

46. Blank Verse(无韵诗)

  Blank verse is unrhymed poetry. Typically in iambic pentameter, and as such, the dominant verse forms of English dramatic and narrative poetry since the mid-16th century.

  47. Comedy(喜剧)

  Comedy is a light form of drama that aims primarily to amuse and that ends happily. Since it strives to provoke smile and laughter, both wit and humor are utilized. In general, the comic effect arises from recognition of some incongruity of speech, action, or character revelation, with intricate plot.

  48. Essay(随笔)

  The term refers to literary composition devoted to the presentation of the writer‘s own ideas on a topic and generally addressing a particular aspect of the subject. Often brief in scope and informal in style, the essay differs from such fomal forms as the thesis, dissertation or treatise.

  49. Euphuistic style(绮丽体)

  Its principle characteristics are the excessive use of antithesis, which is pursued regardless of sense, and emphasized by alliteration and other devices; and of allusions to historical and mythological personages and to natural history drawn from such writers as Plutarch(普卢塔克), Pliny(普林尼), and Erasmus(伊拉兹马斯)。2> it is the peculiar style of Euphues(优浮绮斯)

  50. History Plays(历史剧)(来源于武汉大学自考专业网 zikao51.com)

  History plays aim to present some historical age or character, and may be either a comedy or a tragedy. They almost tell stories about the nobles, the true people in history, but not ordinary people. the principle idea of Shakespeare‘s history plays is the necessity for national unity under a mighty and just sovereign.

  51. Masques or Masks(假面剧)

  Masques (or Masks) refer to the dramatic entertainments involving dances and disguises, in which the spectacular and musical elements predominated over plot and character. As they were usually performed at court, often at very great expense, many have political overtones.

  52. Morality plays(道德剧)

  A kind of medic and early Renaissance drama that presents the conflict between the good and evil through allegorical characters. The characters tend to be personified abstractions of vices and virtues, which can be named as Mercy. Conscience, etc. unlike a mystery or a miracle play, morality play does not necessarily use Biblical or strictly religious material because it takes place internally and psychologically in every human being.

  53.Sonnet(十四行诗)(来源于自考 51 网 zikao51.com)

  It is a lyric poem of 14 lines with a formal or recited and characterized by its presentation of a dramatic or exciting episode in simple narrative form.

  2>it is one of the most conventional and influential forms of poetry in Europe.

  3>Shakespeare‘s sonnets are well-known.

  54. Spenserian Stanza(斯宾塞诗节)

  Spenserian Stanza is the creation of Edmund spenser.2>it refers to a stanza of nine lines, with the first eight lines in iambic pentameter(五音步抑扬格) and the last line in iambic hexameter(六音步抑扬格),rhyming ababbcbcc. 3> Spenser‘s the Faerie Queen was written in this kind of stanza.

  55. Stanza(诗节)

  Stanza is a group of lines of poetry, usually four or more, arranged according to a fixed plan.2>the stanza is the unit of structure in a poem and poets do not vary the unit within a poem.

  56. Three Unities(三一原则)

  Three rules of 16th and 17th century Italian and French drama, broadly adapted from Aristotle‘s Poetics<诗学>:

  2> the unity of time, which limits a play to a single day; the unity of place, which limits a play‘s setting in a single location; and the unity of action, which limits a play to a single story line.

  57. Tragedy(悲剧) (来源于自考 51 网 zikao51.com)

  In general, a literary work in which the protagonist meets an unhappy or disastrous end. Unlike comedy, tragedy depicts the actions of a central character who is usually dignified or heroic.

  58.Conceit(奇特比喻)

  Conceit is a far-fetched simile or metaphor, a literary conceit occurs when the speaker compares two highly dissimilar things.2>conceit is extensively employed in John Donne‘s poetry.

  59.Metar(格律)

  The word“meter” is derived from the Greek word“metron” meaning“measure”。

  2>in English when applied to poetry, it refers to the regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.

  3> the analysis of the meter is called scansion(格律分析)

  60. University Wits(大学才子)

  University Wits refer to a group of scholars during the Elizabethan Age who graduated from either oxford or Cambridge. They came to London with the ambition to become professional writers. Some of them later became famous poets and playwrights. They were called“ University Wits”
 

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